The Abrams Falls Trail Offers Many Things to Visitors
Cades Cove is one of the more picturesque locations in The Great Smoky Mountains. There are many different forms of wildlife you can see here: deer, black bears, wild turkeys, foxes, and raccoons just to name a few. Even though you can’t see this natural wonder from the Cades Cove loop, that doesn’t mean you should skip the Abrams Falls trail. Too many times visitors may skip some great things, because they are in too much of a hurry to get to their next planned activity. It is encouraged to not leave the Cades Cove area without taking full advantage of not just the historical buildings, but this natural feature that requires a little more effort than just driving the 11 mile loop. Read on for a little history lesson and what you can expect to encounter on this popular trail.
Basic Trail Information
The trailhead to Abrams Falls can be reached 4.8 miles into the Cades Cove loop just past marker #10. Once you pass Abrams Creek, turn right onto a gravel road. You will then drive on a grassy area for about a half a mile before reaching a large parking area where you’ll find a footbridge, and this will indicate the beginning of the trail. People like to use this footbridge for dipping their toes in the stream to cool off in the hot summer months. You will then see a little side trail, which leads to the Elijah Oliver house. He was the son of John Oliver, the first white settler in Cades Cove; the John Oliver house is the first historical site on the loop road as well.
The trail itself is a little over 5 miles roundtrip and is considered moderate due to its length and elevation gain of about several hundred feet throughout the entire hike--but it ends up descending on the way to the falls, making it a bit easier. It's also important to note that if you are arriving in the morning, you may not even be able to drive the loop; Cades Cove is closed to vehicles before 10am on Wednesdays and Saturdays from May to September to accommodate morning bikers or walkers.
You should plan on spending at least three hours of your day hiking Abrams Falls Trail. The trail is a little rocky and packed with dirt, so you may want to reconsider taking smaller children on this hike. The conditions of the trail should motivate the hiker to get comfortable footwear for this hike.
Some eighteen smaller streams drain into Abrams Creek, which will parallel your walk for most of the way. Into the hike, Arbutus Ridge is gained at mile 1.1, and then the descent will begin. You will then reach a foot log over Stony Branch, and then another short climb at mile 2.2. Just before you reach the falls, you will cross Wilson Branch and then take a side trail.
At Abrams Falls you will notice an abrupt end to the peaceful creek that babbled throughout the hike. It is now a thunderous 20 foot high waterfall gushing with water. Here is also where you can really stop and enjoy, not just the sights, but the refreshing scent of the mountain air coming from the mist created by the falls. If you are an early riser and want to get to Abrams Falls early, you may see a rainbow as the sun rises over the ridge and hits the falls.
The top of the falls is 35 feet wide, the pool it deposits the water into is about the same; however, it is quite a bit longer at 100 feet. The force caused by the falls sprays water more than 50 feet into the rhododendron and hemlock on the opposite side of the trail. The sheer force of the water is evident with the appearance of smooth pebbles and logs that have been pounded. The cliff itself is made of sandstone, and more of it is located on top of the falls; a large amount of it can be found throughout the area.
The name of the creek and the trail, Abrams, were named for Cherokee Chief Abram whose name was previously Oskuah. His village was located just downstream from the waterfall--located at the mouth of Abrams Creek on the Little Tennessee River. This location now sits below the waters of Chilhowee Lake--created from the man-made Chilhowee Dam which was completed in 1957. It forms part of the boundary between The Great Smoky Mountains National Park and the Cherokee National Forest. The Chilhowee village was a prehistoric and Native American site located in Blount County. Sadly, it was destroyed by late-eighteenth century frontiersmen, but the name Chilhowee still resonates as a symbol for area developments and natural wonders: the Chilhowee Dam and its reservoir, geologic formations, churches, schools, parks, and also a neighborhood in nearby Knoxville.
Abrams Creek is also home to the only native salmonid in the park, brook trout. John Oliver was an early settler in Cades Cove, and the story is that he stocked the creek with around 10,000 rainbow trout fingerlings around 1818. Unbeknownst to him, rainbow trout and brook trout could not merely co-exist. The larger rainbow trout forced the brookies to retreat upstream, so now the rainbow dominate the waters in the lower elevations, while the brook trout maintain a modest population in the high elevations. That wasn’t the only way, however, that the brook trout became more scarce: in the early 1900’s they lost 75% of their population due to the relentless logging that was prevalent.
Rainbow trout weren’t the only living things introduced into the park; in 1988, park biologists began to release some 133 river otters successfully into the Park. The Cherokee tribe actually named Cades Cove “Tsiyahi”, which is their word for “place of the otter”--so it was clear that otters were once widespread in the creek. If you are lucky, you will be able to spot a frolicking otter--or otters--on your hike.
More recently in 2011, a very large and rare EF-4 tornado swept through the western end of Cades Cove downing nearly 5,000 trees, closing the trail for more than a month. Crews worked meticulously to clear the debris that was blocking its path. The destruction left a total of 33 miles of trails impacted, but the area has since recovered nicely.
Not far into the hike, the arbutus flowers will be seen on the trail. The name of Arbutus Ridge on the trail comes from these early blooming spring flowers. Arbutus flowers are actually named Mayflowers and are very popular, having an important place in American history. They are the state flower of Massachusetts, and were considered the queen of spring woodland flowers to the Pilgrims because of its lovely ground-running vine with delicate shell-pink pastel beauty; they had never seen this flower in Europe.
Once you descend from Arbutus Ridge, you will want to watch for some unusual wildflowers, especially in the spring. The rocky cliffs should feature clusters of bleeding heart, whose species are native to Japan. Much like trilliums and daffodils, the larger bleeding heart will bloom in the spring and--depending on the area--disappear completely by midsummer. William Britten, an excellent photographer in the Smoky Mountains, has taken many pictures of these flowers, despite their difficulty in spotting here. Besides the Abrams Falls Trail, he has found these flowers along Laurel Creek Road, just west of the entrance to Tremont. There are different forms of the bleeding heart, but the Asian garden variety is different in that it has larger blooms and not quite as rare as the ones that appear in limited areas of the Smoky Mountains.
Another flower that blooms in the spring that is no stranger to the Smoky Mountains is the mountain laurel flower. This can be found all through the trail and next to the creek. Mountain laurel is considered one of the most beautiful of native American shrubs and is an extremely colorful asset to any landscape. Their appearance is much better when grown in sunlight, but they are also very lovely in a partial shade. It is no wonder that the Smoky Mountains provide the perfect location for such a flower.
The last good springtime flower on the trail is the sweet shrub. This is a small bush with reddish-maroon flowers, but what sets it apart from the others is its fragrance. When it begins to bloom in the month of May, it typically gives off what can be described as a strawberry-banana-pineapple scent. The leaves are normally dark green and grows in an oval shape. Once again, this flower prefers at least 4 hours of direct sunlight mixed in with a partial shade that works well with its location in the Smokies. An interesting fact that emphasizes its fruity aroma: the ladies who once inhabited the Cove thought so highly of its scent that they were known to use the petals for perfume.
Dangers and Precautions
It is important to note that the following information is not meant to deter anyone from visiting this popular Falls, but only to educate the visitor as to what can, and a short history of what has, happened on this trail over the years.
Abrams Falls Trail became infamous for its distinction in the October 2008 issue of Backpacker magazine as one of the ten most dangerous hikes in the United States. Some of the dangers here are numerous, but they must be mentioned due to its popularity among hikers. Drownings have been known to occur because of the strong currents beneath the waterfall. Swimmers and sunbathers like to gather in the pool area; however, you should not venture too far out due to these currents.
There are also plenty of rocks scattered all around the bottom and at the top of the waterfall, most of which are very slippery and prone to accidents resulting from not wearing good hiking boots. So if you aren’t wearing the right footwear, it is advised to keep your distance; you can still get an excellent photo of Abrams Falls from a safe distance.
When hiking anywhere in the Smoky Mountains, it is always advised to carry a backpack to transport the essentials of the hike: water, snacks, other safety items. It should also be noted that while the water in the pool from Abrams Falls looks clear and inviting, never even think about drinking it. You don’t want your vacation cut short by a simple little sip of what appeared to be safe and cool mountain drinking water; it does contain bacteria.
Beyond Abrams Falls
Many of you who plan on taking a day trip to Cades Cove and want to just see Abrams Falls may not be aware that there is more to Abrams Falls Trail. There are actually an additional two miles to the trail that are not surprisingly more isolated, since this is usually tackled by the more experienced hiker. It ends at Abrams Creek Ford, and the hiker will then have two options at his or her disposal: Hannah or Hatcher Mountain Trail. The latter leads right to the Cooper Road Trail and the Beard Cane Creek Trail; the former leads left to the Rabbit Creek Trail at Scott Gap. Most visitors, though, will have more than enough other things to accomplish on their day trip to Cades Cove, including checking out all the cool and educational sites on their visit.
It is recommended to get an early start, especially if you want to see Abrams Falls. Cades Cove can get awful crowded with vehicle traffic and bear jams can only worsen matters. Despite the early start, it can still take some time getting through the loop, so don’t be in a rush and be mindful to respect your fellow nature lovers. After all, this should be designated as an all day sightseeing adventure that you will want to remember as being memorable, not one that reminds you of your busy daily life.